Our needle guide focuses on four things--needle systems, points, sizes, and premium features. Systems define which machines can use a needle; points let you sew different kinds of materials, sizes determine hole sizes and thread sizes, and premium features are upgrades tor specific sewing tasks.

There are over 2,300 different Groz-Beckert needles and we sell all of them. Finding your needle is easy. Enter a needle system in the search box at the top and we will take you to your needle. Use the Groz-Beckert system or a competitor's system. Everything is cross-referenced.

Use our Groz-Beckert  Publications Library for in depth needle information. We have over twenty brochures online.

Needle Systems -  Every machine is designed to work with specific types of needles called Needle Systems. Needle buying starts with knowing which needle systems work with your machine. Get this from your machine's manual or dealer, the needle's packaging, or the system number embossed on the needle itself.

Manufacturers use different codes to refer to the same needle system. We simplify this by cross-referencing these codes for our search box. For example, entering 15x1 or HAx1 gets the same results. The industry is also inconsistent in the way it formats needle system codes. For example, 15x1 is sometimes entered as 15 x 1. We use Groz-Beckert's exact needle system formatting and allow for common formatting variations in our searches.

Almost all sewing machines designed for home (or domestic) use take the same flat shank needle system. It is called 130/705, HAx1, or 15x1 depending on the manufacturer. This system works with home sewing machines made by  Bernina, Brother, Elna, Husqvarna, Janome, Juki, Melco, Necchi, Baby Lock, New Home, Pfaff, Poem, Riccar, Simplicity, Singer, Viking, and White.

Needle Points - Most needle systems have needles with several kinds of points. The "right" point depends on the material you are sewing and the way you want stitches to look. Needle points are divided into two groups:
  • Cloth points make round holes by pushing through fabrics. The R point is the most common and is also used for soft clothing leather.
  • Leather points cut holes in leather, synthetics and cardboard that are more noticeable.

Cloth Points - See Cloth Points from Groz-Beckert for more information

R Points - Regular round points are the standard lockstitch point. They are used with woven fabrics, coated woven fabrics, artificial leather and soft leather used for clothing. Applications include shirts, trousers, garments, leather clothing, and automobile seats. They are also called SET, RD points.
RS Points - Sharp, round points are the standard for blindstitches and are also used for very straight lockstitch seams in fine wovens and Schiffli embroidery. Applications also include blouses, fine skirts, and trousers. They are also called R-SPI, S SET, and SPI points.
RG Points - Round points with a small ball point are the standard for chain stitches on fine delicate knit fabrics, microfibers, woven fabrics, sewing buttons, embroidering soft clothing leather. Applications include shirts, trousers, garments, and chainstitched automobile fabrics. They are also called STU, STUB, S BALL, and SET RT points
FFG Points - Light ball point for knit fabrics, cotton fabrics, synthetic fabrics. Applications include t-shirts, underwear, sweaters, and some automobile upholstery. Also called SES, L BALL, J BALL, SIN, NYR, and BPL
FG Points - Medium ball point for loose-knit fabrics and fabrics with rubber or elastomer content. Applications include sweaters, lace, underwear, Schiffli embroidery. Also called SUK, B BALL, M BALL and SI
G Points - Heavy ball point for very coarse, highly elastic, and open structured fabrics. Applications include sweaters and cardigans. Also called SKF, H BALL, U BALL, and Y BALL
SKL Points - Special ball point used for warp fabrics with high elastomer content such as foundation garments and orthopedic cloths.
TR Points - Special ball point used for Schiffli embroidery in open structure fabrics and tulle made from cotton or synthetic fabrics. Applications include lace, drapes, tablecloths, and napkins.
Leather Points - See Needles For The Processing Of Leather for more information
LR Points - Narrow reverse twist points cut leather at a 45-degree angle slanted to the right. Stitch holes easily visible and thread slightly elevated. They are used with virtually all types of leather for decorative lockstitch seams. Applications include shoes, leather garments, upholstered furniture, belts, car seats. They are also called NRTW and RTW points.
LL Points - Narrow twist points cut leather at a 45-degree angle slanted to the left. Seams are very straight and thread is slightly elevated. They are used with virtually all types of leather in applications such as shoes, bags, and car seats. They are also called NTW and TW points.
D Points - Triangular points cut a triple-edge hole in leather and produce straight seams with the thread slightly elevated. They are used with hard thick leather, synthetics and cardboard in applications such as belts, suit cases, and shoes. They are also called TRI points.
DH Points - Triangular points that cut a medium triple edge hole in leather. They are used for medium-hard and hard leather and synthetics in applications such as upholstery, bags, shoes, tarps, awnings, and tents
SD Points - Round points with triple cutting edges at the very end of the point that produces a straight seam with slightly elevated stitches. They are used with soft clothing leather, plastic, and laminates in applications such as shoes, fine leather, leather embroidery, and foils.
P Points - Cut leather perpendicular to the sewing direction. This creates a prominent decorative seams with deep set stitches on thick and hard leather such as shoes, belts, and upholstery. It is also called a narrow wedge, NW, point.
PCL Points - Cut leather perpendicular to the sewing direction. This creates a prominent decorative seams with deep set stitches on thick and hard leather such as shoes, belts, and upholstery. It is also used for stay seams and heel seams. It is also called a narrow wedge, NWLT, point.
S Points - Cut leather in the sewing direction producing a straight seam in medium to hard leather and is used for shoes, leather clothing, and bags. The SAN 12 version is designed for two-needle machines and is used for automobile interiors seats and headrests as well as upholstered furniture. It is also called a narrow cross  (NCR) point

Needle Sizes - A needle's size refers to the thickness of the needle's blade. We show each metric and U.S. (Singer) sizes for all needles. A larger size number means:

  • A heavier, stronger needle

  • A larger eye that allows heavier, stronger, more visible thread

  • Larger needle holes in the sewn material.

Generally, the best needle size is the one that is just large enough for the thread to go through its eye and keep holes as small as possible. But, there are other considerations such as decorative "look", the need to sew through layers of material, and  the capabilities of your machine. Our Needle Size Chart shows Groz-Beckert needle sizes and the range of thread sizes used with each needle.

Premium Needles - Some Groz-Beckert needles have premium features that improve their performance. They cost more, but the difference is worth it.
  • GEBEDUR--Titanium nitride coated needles that are twice as hard as chromium and last longer. This cuts down time for needle changes, reduces skipped stitches and thread breakage, and results in less material damage. GEBEDUR needles correspond to other manufacturers PD and TN designations. See GEBEDUR Needles a Revolution In Gold for more information.

  • MR and SAN 11 - Multi range needles have a special blade and scarf shape that makes it extremely resistant to bending. This reduces costs by having fewer skipped stitches and thread breakage, allowing extremely tight adjustment of hook to needle, and reducing fabric damage. See The Special Application Needle MR, and  MR and Loop Control Needles for Long Arm Quilting Machines for more information.

  • SAN 1 and Embroidery - Needles designed for single head and multi head embroidery. See Needles for Single and Multi Head Embroidery for more information

  • SAN 5 - Needles designed for technical textiles used in areas such as agriculture, building, clothing, and automotive. They give improved stability, fewer skipped stitches, and more uniform seams. See Special Application Needle San 5 for more information.

  • SAN 6 - These needles are designed for sewing jeans and other thick materials at high speeds. Their special shape reduces needle deflection. See Special Application SAN 6 for more information.

  • SAN 10 and SAN 10 XS - These needles are designed for fabrics that are easily damaged such as fine knits, very delicate fabrics, textured yarns and elastic yarns.  Use the SAN 10 XS needles for extremely delicate materials. See The Right Needle for more information.

  • SAN 12 - Needles designed for sewing uniform looking 2-needle decorative seams on leather such as automobile upholstery. The come with LR points for slanted stitches and S points for straight stitches. See Special Application Needle LR - SAN 12 for more information

Note - Groz-Beckert SAN needles are called SERV and NY2 needles by other manufacturers